The Federal Customs Service named Russia's main trading partners by the end of 2022.
They were China, Turkey and the Netherlands. Germany and Belarus also entered the top five countries in terms of trade volumes. India, which has become one of the main consumers of Russian energy resources, is not among the main partners.
In 2022, Russia's trade turnover with China increased by 28% compared to the previous year, with Turkey – by 84%, with Belarus – by 10%. At the same time, it decreased by 23% with Germany, and by 0.1% with the Netherlands.
In 2021, China also ranked first among Russia's largest partners with an indicator of $140.7 billion (exports amounted to $68 billion, imports – $72.7). Germany was in second place ($57 billion: exports – $30 billion, imports - $27 billion), the Netherlands was in third place ($46.4 billion: exports - $42.2 billion, imports - $4.2 billion). Belarus was fourth with an indicator of $38.4 billion (exports – $22.8 billion, imports – $15.6 billion), and the United States rounded out the top five – $34.4 billion (exports – $17.5 billion, imports - $16.9 billion). Turkey was only in sixth place with an indicator of $33 billion (exports – $26.5 billion, imports - $6.5 billion).
In general, Russia's foreign trade turnover in 2021 amounted to $785 billion (exports of goods reached $491.6 billion, imports - $293.4 billion).
The data of the Federal Customs Service of Russia coincide with the mirror statistics of the Chinese customs administration. The trade turnover between Russia and China by the end of 2022 increased by 29% to a record $190 billion, the Customs of the People's Republic of China reported in January. According to her, deliveries from China amounted to $76 billion, from Russia – $ 114 billion.